Onion Poisoning in Dogs – Watch Out What you Feed your Pekingese

 


Onion Poisoning in Dogs – Watch Out What you Feed your Pekingese

Giving your pet hamburger, spaghetti, pizza and other scraps from the table can only cause Heinz body hemolytic anemia. Majority of pet parents are aware of chocolate toxicity in dogs but have never heard of onion poisoning in dogs. You may say that you have given your pet gravy or a leftover pizza and nothing happened. A small amount wouldn’t really cause him any issues since onion toxicity is dose dependent. But onions in raw form (e.g. cooked, raw, dehydrated, or powdered) can cause a life-threatening form of hemolytic anemia to your beloved pet.

Onions contain a substance called Thiosulphate which dogs lack the enzyme in order to properly digest it. Thiosulphate causes the oxidation of hemoglobin in your dog’s red blood cells, which then form clumps thus weakening their cell membranes. The said clumps are called Heinz bodies which would protrude from the cell and causes rupture thus shortening the cell’s life span. And when a significant number of red cells are destroyed, anemia would then occur.

A massive decrease of red blood cells from your pet’s body would lead to lots of problems including heart failure. And the number of cells destroyed would depend on the amount of onion your pet has eaten. Small amounts of onion given over a long period of time can still cause the disease due to the gradual build up of Heinz bodies.

Onion Poisoning in Dogs

Onions are toxic to dogs. The toxicity is dose dependent, so the bigger the animal, the more onion need be consumed to cause a toxicity. Onion toxicity causes a Heinz body anemia. Heinz bodies are small bubble-like projections which protrude from a red blood cell and can be seen when the cells are stained. This “bubble” is a weak spot in the red blood cell and, therefore, the cell has a decreased life-span and ruptures prematurely.

If numerous red cells are affected and rupture, anemia can result. It is a form of hemolytic anemia. Onions are only one of the substances which can cause Heinz body anemia. Other substances such as Acetominophen (Tylenol) and benzocaine-containing topical preparations can also cause Heinz body anemia in the dog.

Source: JL Web, http://www.jlhweb.net/Boxermap/onions.html by Dr. Wendy Wallner, DVM

How to Deal with Onion Toxicity

In Large Doses:

  • Determine if your pet has taken a large dose of onion. If you have seen it yourself or you saw the remnants, call your vet immediately. Signs would include weakness, vomiting and blood in urine. Do not way for any of the signs to occur before taking action.
  • Induce vomiting once advised by the vet. If instructed, administer orally 1 tsp of hydrogen peroxide per 10 pounds of his weight. If you don’t have hydrogen peroxide isn’t available, substitute 1 tbsp. of dry mustard in 1 cup of water.
  • Rush your pet immediately to the vet as he may need other interventions necessary.

In Small Doses:

  • Call your vet to inform about the incident and ask for guidance.
  • Give him milk of magnesia as directed. If not available, give him dairy milk. This won’t treat but would slow the effect of the poison.
  • Keep an eye out for other signs and symptoms of the toxicity for the next days. If only a very small dose was eaten, symptoms won’t appear or would even disappear when onion has been discontinued from his diet.
  • Regardless of how small the onion intake is, bring him to the vet immediately to be checked thoroughly.

Professional guidance is critical to such events. So, if you suspect onion poisoning in dogs seek out your vet immediately. As a pet parent, you should also take the initiative to educate yourself on what foods that should and should not be given to your pet.

Do you feed your pet table scraps? Better think twice if you do.  Tell us more about your habits when it comes to your pet, we might be able to help you out.

 

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How to Tell if Your Dog is Dehydrated – Evaluating your Pekingese Correctly

How to Tell if Your Dog is Dehydrated – Evaluating your Pekingese Correctly

Dog dehydration often occurs due to the excessive loss of bodily fluids, this is a common and dangerous condition that should be treated immediately. If you happen to own an active dog, you must know how to tell if your dog is dehydrated. Otherwise, it would lead to a much serious ailment including organ failure and even death. For this reason, every pet parent must know how to determine the signs of dehydration and what to do for first aid before bringing your pet to the vet.

Dog dehydration is often caused by:

  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Overexposure to heat
  • Not enough water or food intake

Signs of dehydration:

  • Dry and sticky gums
  • Lethargy
  • Sunken eyes
  • No skin elasticity
  • Too or very less urination
  • Delay capillary refill time

How to Tell if Your Dog is Dehydrated

Dehydration may indicate a serious underlying problem. If you suspect that your dog is dehydrated, take him to a veterinarian immediately. You may be able to detect dehydration at home by gently lifting the skin on the back of your dog’s neck or between the shoulder blades-unless your dog is seriously overweight or very shin, it should immediately return to a normal position. If he is lacking in fluids, the lifted skin may not quickly return to normal. Often, however, the signs of dehydration are not obvious, and only a veterinarian can provide proper diagnosis and treatment.

Source: Web MD, http://pets.webmd.com/dogs/guide/dog-dehydration-water-needs

Tips in Recognizing Dog Dehydration

  • Check his skin elasticity. Pull the skin on the top of his neck and let it go, see if his skin would quickly fo back to its normal position.
  • Check his gums. Dehydrated dogs have sticky and dry gums. Check his gums also, the color of his gums would determine how much oxygen is present on his bloodstream.
  • Check his capillary refill time. Capillary refill is when you put pressure on your dog’s gums and the time his gums would go back to its original color. Normally, after applying pressure the area would instantly refill within 1-2 seconds. If it takes longer than that, then it is an indication that something is wrong already.

Being able to know how to tell if your dog is dehydrated would come in handy for any pet parent out there.  If you want to know the basic first aid interventions for your dog, you can also research it here on the net. You can educate yourself using the net in order to become a more better and responsible pet parent.

Has this article been informative to you?  Hopefully, it helped you in determining your pekingese’s hydration status. Share your insights with us by entering it below.

 

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How to Treat a Dog Bite: In Case your Pekingese Accidentally Snaps

How to Treat a Dog Bite: In Case your Pekingese Accidentally Snaps

Know how to treat a dog bite at home and when you should do it. Animal bites are highly susceptible to infection, however a proper first aid intervention can help you a lot in reducing the chances of having an infection. But, it is also essential that you are aware of the dog’s vaccine history in order to take the appropriate measures.

There are two kinds of dog bite: Lacerated or punctured. Puncture wounds are when his teeth would penetrate your skin. There kind are very prone to infection since his teeth itself would inject bacteria unto your skin. The lacerated wound occurs when your dog would tear away a part of your skin. This is the kind which requires stiches and you would definitely have a scar after this one.

So, when can you treat a dog bite at home? If the dog who bit you is your familiar and you know that he had an anti-rabies shot and that you have had your tetanus shots for the last 10 years. Otherwise, call the doctor immediately and go submit yourself for proper treatment.

How to Treat a Dog Bite

To care for a dog bite injury at home:

  • Place a clean towel over the injury to stop any bleeding.
  • Try to keep the injured area elevated.
  • Wash the bite carefully with soap and water.
  • Apply a sterile bandage to the wound.
  • Apply antibiotic ointment to the injury every day to prevent infection.

Source: Web MD, http://pets.webmd.com/dogs/dog-bites

Treating a Dog Bite

  • Clean the wound instantly using water, soap, hydrogen peroxide, betadine and alcohol.
  • If wound is bleeding, apply pressure.
  • If the bite is located in your hand or arm, hold it above your heart.
  • Put a clean/sterile bandage on your wound.
  • Check signs of infection like swelling, redness or discharges. If so, go see a doctor.
  • If you haven’t had your tetanus shot for the last 10 years, then submit yourself for shots.
  • Know the rabies vaccine status of the dog that bit you. If it is unsure, then observe the dog for the next 15 days to see if he would develop signs of rabies.

Learning how treat a dog bite at home is a basic for every owner. Know that rabies can be very fatal if you don’t get vaccine in time. And if the wound is gaping, seek medical help for stitches. True, dogs may be our best friends but they are still animals and they can bite when provoked especially if it is towards strangers. Thus, it is essential as an owner to completely immunize your dog so that you won’t worry that much about rabies.

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Dog Bite Treatment: Learn How to Treat your Pekingese’s Wound

Dog Bite Treatment: Learn How to Treat your Pekingese’s Wound

In learning and understanding about dog bite treatment on your pekingese, it is essential that his wound should be cleansed properly and thoroughly to prevent any infection. Bite wounds are often caused by trauma or as a result from fights with other dogs, cats or any other creature. Generally, bite wounds are punctured wounds and they may be small but it might be a big trouble for your pet if not treated accordingly. Do not be deceived by its small appearance since it may be deep enough that it extended deep down into his muscles which is very prone to infection.

Cat bites are more dangerous since they are the ones which have a high probability to cause abscess. It is due to their teeth structure, so long and thin like a needle. They would introduce bacteria into the wound and its external wound would heal in 1-2 days time thus trapping the bacteria inside the wound which causes the infection.

Dog Bite Treatment

When learning how to treat dog bite wounds on your pet, it is very important to know that the wound needs to be cleaned very well to avoid infections and bacteria from forming. Bite wounds provide the perfect environment for bacteria to thrive and cause damage.

No matter how small or insignificant the bite wound on your pet may appear, a visit to the veterinarian’s office is always needed. Antibiotics will likely be given to your pet to help fight off potential infections.

Source: Vet Info, http://www.vetinfo.com/how-to-treat-dog-bite-wounds-on-dogs.html#b

Steps in Treating Wounds in Dogs

  • Control the bleeding. Using a clean towel, apply pressure on the wound. Dog bites are bleeds more compared to a cat bite and it also depends on where the injury is. Wounds which are located on the nose and ear area tends to bleed more since it is a highly vascular area compared to wounds that are on the trunk or legs.
  • Go to the Vet. No matter how insignificant the wound may seem, bring him to the vet immediately. The vet would evaluate how bad the wound really is and could medicate it accordingly.
  • Clean the external wound. If you see that the wound is just a tiny superficial kind, you can treat it by putting on a KY jelly on the wound and clip the fur around it. Clipping the fur would prevent any further bacterial contamination. Then apply betadine solution to the site.
  • Home Care. Home care for a dog wound would include a gauze soaked in hydrogen peroxide. Do this 3-4 times a day and also add an antibiotic ointment to the site. Always monitor the wound for signs of infection such as redness, discharges and swelling. If noted, bring him back to the vet immediately.

Dog bite treatment or any wound in your pekingese should be attended to immediately no matter how small it may seem. You may think it’s nothing but it may spell trouble for your dog. It is always better to be on the safe side rather than to sorry since you didn’t take action in the first place, right?

What do you think about this post? Share your opinions and suggestions with us below.  Is there a certain topic that is related to dogs that you would want us to write about? Let us know.

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Wound Care for Dogs: Treating your Pekingese’s Wound Properly

Wound Care for Dogs: Treating your Pekingese’s Wound Properly

Wound care for dogs’ scratches and cuts are just similar on how you treat humans. As a matter of fact, the most important thing to take note here is the severity of the wound, cut or scratch so that you would know how to handle it.

Most of the time, your pekingese’s scrapes, cuts, and scratches are just minor and would only need simple treatment. You should be able to tell the severity of his injury. Is it too long or too deep? How many wounds does he have? These are imporant questions that you must take note of.

If in case his would is at lest 1/2 inch deep or more than 1/2 inch long, then you should bring him to the vet immediately. It may be not that severe but it needs special attention that more than you can handle. In this situation, he may need a stitch or more.

Wound Care for Dogs

The two most important goals in treating wounds are to stop the bleeding and to prevent infection. Wounds are painful, so be prepared to restrain and muzzle the dog before treating the wound.

Source: Web MD, http://pets.webmd.com/dogs/dog-wound-care-treatment

Treating a Minor Wound

  1. Wash your hands thoroughly before doing anything else.
  2. Clean his wound by using a cotton pad with an antibacterial soap.
  3. Rinse his wound with a sterile seline solution.
  4. Put an antibacterial ointment or solution directly on the wound.
  5. Cover his wound with a 4×4 gauze and wrap it in a bandage. Be sure that the bandage is not too tight so that his blood circulation won’t be impeded. Put a stockinet or sock on his affected limb/foot for extra padding and protection.
  6. Check for his circulation from time to time. Touch his toes, if it is swollen or cold to touch, then immediately take off the bandage and reapply once the inflammation has minimized.

Wound care for dogs are rather easy and I know that you can do it, as long as you know which wounds you should be taking care yourself and which ones need an expert intervention.  If it happens that your dog has a deep wound, apply pressure on the affected part to stop the bleeding. Wrap his affected area with a bandage and bring him immediately to the vet’s clinic or animal hospital nearest you.

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