Fungal Infections in Dogs: Watch Out for your Pekingese

 


Fungal Infections in Dogs: Watch Out for your Pekingese

Before we go in depth about fungal infections in dogs, let us first know its origin. Fungi are a large family that would include the mushroom. They thrive in soil and other organic materials. There are plentiful fungi that spread via airborne spores. Fungus spores, which has the ability to resist heat and live for long periods of time without water. They usually gain entrance into the system via the respiratory tract or a break in the skin.

Fungal illnesses can only be divided into 2 categories. The ones that only affect the skin or mucus membranes like the ringworm or oral thrush. While the other one is a type of fungus that is so widespread that it would affect various organs in the body such as the lungs, brain, liver, etc…

Fungal Infections in Dogs

  • Histoplasmosis. Commonly found in Central America (near the Great Lakes). Since these areas have nitrogen-rich soil that aids the growth of the causative agent, Histoplasma capsulatum. Spores are usually seen in soil that are contaminated by feces of chicken, bats and other birds. These spores are then inhaled by the dogs or other creatures and thus get infected.
  • Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis). This is probably the most life-threatening of all the systemic fungal diseases. This is seen in dry and dusty parts of the Southwestern American lands. Infection is also by inhalation and would initially cause acute pneumonia. Then it would eventually spread to the long bones, spleen, liver, brain, lymph nodes, and skin.
  • Blastomycosis. This is a kind of systemic fungal illness that is common in the Eastern seaboard, in the Great lakes area. This fungus is associated with moist, rotten organic debris that is protected from sunlight and is also rich with bird droppings, particularly those of pigeons. Like with the other kinds, this is also acquired via inhalation.
  • Cryptococcosis. This illness is caused by a fungus that is yeast like called Cryptococcus neoformans. This is also acquired via inhalation and its spores is found in soil that is enriched with bird poop, those of pigeons particularly. In dogs, this disease would involve the lymph nodes, eyes, and skin. Your pet may also show respiratory signs.

Good hygiene is very essential when your are dealing with fungal infections in dogs. The risk of you acquiring it may be low, but these are illnesses that are quite challenging to treat so better watch out yourself. Though there are kinds of fungal infections that are highly contagious to us, like the ringworm. So, you better be vigilant about it in order to prevent it from spreading into your entire household.

Where in USA are you currently located? Have you encountered these illnesses? What are your preventive measures for your pekingese? Share with us your sentiments and tips below.

 

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Dog Ringworm – Prevent it from Affecting your Pekingese

Dog ringworm is a fungal infection that invades the hair follicles and hair. In general, it is caused by Microsporum canis. Ringworm in dogs often affect the young adults and puppies. And the typical spots that are affected would be the ears, face, tail and paws.

The disease ringworm is transmitted by spores in the soil and by direct contact with the infected dog or cat hair found in brushes, toys, carpet, rugs, furniture or combs. Humans can also get ringworm from their pets and vis-a-vis. The most susceptible member in the family would be the children.

From the name itself, it has spreading circle of hair loss with scaly skin at the center and with a red ring at the periphery. Just know that most cases of circular hair loss that is thought to be ringworm is often a case of demodectic mange.

By itself, ringworm is not itchy but due to secondary bacterial infection with crusts and scabs, it provokes the licking and scratching mechanism. Ringworm can also affect your pet’s nails. As a result, his nails would become cracked, brittle, deformed and dry.

Dog Ringworm – Prevent it from Affecting your Pekingese

Dog Ringworm

Treating it at Home

  • Washing. Disinfecting washes can go a long way. Though most of the time, ringworm in dogs would subside naturally but it takes a long time. And during this period, the fungus could have spread to the rest of the family – humans included. Antiseptic solutions and soaps such as Nolvasan or Betadine will aid in preventing a mild infection into turning to a bacterial skin infection. Wash the affected part carefully and then blot dry.
  • Anti-Fungal Oils. A common topical antiseptic and anti-fungal is tea tree oil. Pour it on a shallow dish then using a cotton ball, apply it diretly on the affected area/s. For a pet that has very sensitive skin, dilute the oil with warm water. It is proven to be nontoxic and safe. Another one is Grapefruit seed oil. It is usually available online or health food stores. It has anti-fungal and antibacterial properties that can combat the ringworm. Mix the oil with warm water and apply it on the affected part. It can also be mixed with mild shampoo. You can use it to bathe your dog thoroughly. See to it that you work in between your pet’s toes — this is the most favorite spot for the fungi.

Prevention

Ringworm can infect humans too and can spread via dust, hair and contaminated bedding. It is wise to vacuum all living spaces thoroughly, and wash your bedding with very hot and soapy water. Disinfect all of your pet’s grooming tools with one part bleach and 3 parts water. Dip the tools for an hour and aur dry.

Since dog ringworm is highly contagious, be sure that you give your other pets thorough bathing even if they are not showing any sign and symptom. Iodine and apple cider vinegar is the old folk remedy for ringworm  Vinegar has acetic acid and when mixed with iodine would effectively cure ringworm infections.

Has your pekingese experienced this disease? How did you treat him? Feel free to share your thoughts with us below.

 

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Treating Dry Skin in Dogs: Give your Pekingese a Shiny, Flake-free Coat

Treating Dry Skin in Dogs: Give your Pekingese a Shiny, Flake-free Coat

If you happen to notice that your beloved pet is scratching more than unsual, then chances are he is having issues with flaky, sry skin. And treating dry skin in dogs can be done naturally at home, so do not worry.

Flaky skin is quite obvious to spot when your dog has a dark color. One cannot miss those ‘dandruff’ kind of thing that would be visible on his fur.

If you suspect that your beloved pekingese has a sry skin, then ask your vet about it. Others may tell you to choose a over-the-counter product for your dog but somtimes it would even make the things worse. It is also important that you would know the reason why your dog has a dry, itchy skin. It may be due to some skin issues like scabies or allergies.

And the safest dry skin remedy you an do at home is by adding a dash of olive oil to his daily diet. This is usually what any vet would tell you to do. By adding olove oil to his diet 2-3x a week would help your dog have a flake-free and shiny coat.

Treating Dry Skin in Dogs

Before treating your dog’s dry skin, you need to determine the underlying cause.

You can also try the following home remedies to relieve your dog’s dry skin problem:

  • Add olive oil to his food two or three times a week.
  • Bathe your dog in a warm water and oatmeal solution.
  • Apply teat tree oil, fish oil, calendula extract or vitamin E (all available in health food stores) to his skin.
  • Make sure your dog is well hydrated by providing him with more water, fresh fruits, vegetables and meats, or by adding water to his dry dog food

Source: How Stuff Works, http://animals.howstuffworks.com/pets/how-to-care-for-dog-dry-skin.htm

Natural Remedies for Doggy Dry Skin

  • Put natural food additives. Incorporate on his diet a little oil (olive, vegetable, or fish) or any source of omega 3 fatty acids. Do this 2-3 times per week to promote a shiny fur.
  • Dog shampoo. Bathe your dog with medicated shampoo or a product that is formulated as a cleanser for them.
  • Stroke him. Petting your pet would help him spread out his natural oil. When you pet him, you remove the traces of natural oil on his coat so his follicle and shaft would be stimulated to produce more oil.
  • Use a humidifier. Dry air can cause dry skin on dogs too. It would be ideal to put a humidifier on the room where your pet spends most of his time in. For an on-spot humidifier, you can bring him to the bathroom and run the hot shower with the door closed. Just stay with him inside the bathroom so that he wouldn’t be afraid.
  • Apply topical oils. This is for severe cases already. Give him a massage with a little olive oil once a day.

Treating dry skin in dogs is rather easy however do not depend on the afroementioned tips if you already see wound, lesions, hair loss and excessive licking. This may be sign that there is a more serious reason for his dry skin and you should bring him to the vet for a check up. Allergic reactions to medicine, food, pollen or grass as well as yeast infection, ring worm, and fleas can often be mistaken for dry skin.

Hope this post has been informative to all of you pet parents out there.  And don’t forget to leave your story, opinion or feedbacks on the space provided below.

 

 

 

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Winter Skin Care and Paw Care for your Pekingese

Winter is tough for us humans, how much more for your beloved pekingese, right? Winter skin care is essential for him as it is for you since he may develop pad injuries.

One of the major threats to his healthy paw pads during the winter is the salt that is used to melt all that ice outside. And extended exposure with these may cause burns on his paw pads. That is why when you decide to take your dog on a walk in this season, get him off the pavement and let him walk on the snow or grass.

Furthermore, indigestion can also be caused by the de-icers. Dogs in general have the tendency to lick their paws thus ingesting the salts. It is ideal that you let him wear his boots when going out or you keep a basin of warm water and towel near the door so that you two can wash off your feet and his paws upon arriving home.

Another cause of sore paws are all the ice that are left in between hi toes. To prevent ice from gathering much on his paws, trim his toe hairs short during the winter season.

If dogs are also left behind in the col for long periods would cause frostbite on his paws, tail, ears and other parts of the body as well as hypotehrmia. During this time of the year, it is not advisable to leave your dog outside for a long time. And if you think that your dog has already developed frostbite or has hypothermia, bring him to the bet immediately!

Winter Skin Care and Paw Care for your Pekingese

Winter Skin Care

When it comes to protecting your dog’s pads, the best scenario would be for your dog to wear boots when going out in snow and ice. The problem is that most dogs are not comfortable wearing them. Special boots made of neoprene can protect your dog’s paws outside. I recently wrote an article on this very subject of protecting your dog’s feet when going outside in frigid weather. Before taking your dog outside, massage some petroleum jelly onto each of your dog’s pads to protect them. The best you can do is to limit the amount of time your dog is outside, and give the feet and pads special attention when your dog comes back in. Be sure to check the pads for any injuries and embedded ice and snow. Wipe the paws with a soft towel or you can use a small bucket with warm water to rinse the paws from excess snow and salt. If you have a furry dog, try to keep the pads trimmed, since more fur on the pads will attract more snow and salt which can hurt your dog.

Source: Firehow, http://www.firehow.com/2012012329701/how-to-care-for-a-dogs-skin-coat-and-paws-in-winter.html by Susieg450

Winter Skin and Paw Care Suggestions:

  • Keep his hair short to prevent ice from clinging unto his body which may cause dry skin. And do not forget the hair in between his toes.
  • Allow him to wear sweater/coat that would help him retain his body heat as well as prevent his skin from getting dry.
  • If you frequently walk him out in the cold and then coming home in a warm home can cause an itchy, flaky skin. It is ideal that you keep your home humidified and towel dry him as you guys come home and pay extra attention to his toes and feet.
  • Do not give him a bath frequently during the winter season. Washing too much will remove the essential oils from his skin which may cause dryness. If you must bathe him, ask your vet first so that he could recommend you a moisturizing shampoo.
  • Give him booties to wear during walks outside. It could minimize his contact with salt, anti-freeze and other chemicals used.
  • Give him a good dose of petroleum jelly massage on his paws. This would give him a good moisturizing effect as well as help heal his chapped paws.
  • Brush him regularly to get rid of his dead hair, stimulates better blood circulation ad improve his skin condition.

Basically, it all boils down to common sense when it comes to winter skin care for your pekingese. If you yourself is cold during the season then think about your pet. Do not let them feel cold nor leave them outside or in the car. Give them blankets and pillows to snuggle upon to keep them warm. Give them a spot near the fireplace too if you have one. It is not that difficult to take care of a dog during the season. Just think what you would want if you were him. That thought would be able to guide you in taking care of him.

How did you survive winter with your pekingese? How did you spend time together indoors? Share with us your story.

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Pekingese Skin Problems – Get to the bottom of it!

Pekingese Skin Problems – Get to the bottom of it!

Pekingese skin problems are one of the major concerns of the pet owners all across the globe. The dogs belonging to the toy breeds like the Peke can be the little bundle of joy to any owner yet because of their breeding, they are also very susceptible to various health concerns. The ones who have long hairs, the most common complaint is skin irritation. Those tiny, itchy red bumps, irritability and hair loss which can be alarming to any owner. However, do not be afraid, most skin irritations can be treated effortlessly.

The Pekes usually gets their skin disease from their food or from atopic dermatitis. If your Pekingese is less than 6 months old, you should consider 3 factors: fleas, mange or food allergy. Fleas is the common culprit of itchy skin in dogs. Try to go through their coat, if you see black flecks on then it is a sign of fleas. Mange is hard to diagnose thus you have to bring your pet to the vet if you suspect of it.

Pekingese Skin Problems

Fleas

Pekingese dogs tend to have very sensitive skin. If you observe your Peke having a skin allergy, you must treat it quickly in order to prevent further discomfort and to save the dogs coat. Once a Peke gets an itch, they tend to bite and gnaw away until the hair falls out and they wind up with bald patches and painful hot spots.

Food Allergy/Sensitivity

If an itch is accompanied by vomiting or diarrhea, most likely it was something that your dog ate which he is allergic too. If this is the case, provide your dog with plenty of water and limit his food intake.

Source: Pekingese Info, http://www.pekingese-info.com/health-concerns/pekingese-skin-problems/

Common Skin Irritations

Flea Allergy – This is the very common skin problem in dogs. It is due to flea bits and appears as bumps usually at the base of the tail, accompanied by hair loss and itchiness.

Contact dermatitus –  Is a condition caused by a certain allergen that got inside your dog’s skin. This can be anything and is so hard so pinpoint. It is generally charecterized by a rash that is so itchy.

Impetigo –  Is most common in puppies who isn’t a year old yet. It is a small, itchy bump found on the abdomen and chin which is caused by a Staphylococcus bacteria.

Folliculitis – Is the inflammation and infection of the hair follicles. It usually appears on the abdomen, it is usually red, tiny pus-filled vesicles.

Pyoderma –  Is also caused by the Staph. bacteria, and it is characterized by a rash of small, pus-filled, red vesicles that is hot to touch and has hair loss.

Medical Interventions

Regimen for skin allergies which are caused by internal factors would greatly depend on what causes it and would include just about anything like swithching of dog products along with antibiotics, surgery, chemotherapy or other combinations.

Treatment for external skin irritayins can be easily treated with topical antibiotics or oral antibiotics. Switching to a new brand of dog shampoo or other products is also considered here. Your vet would privide you with your course treatment.

Got any more pekingese skin problems that wasn’t mentioned here? Don’t be shy to tell us your Pekingese story that is related to this post. In general, Pekes have high incidence rate when it comes to skin problems so you must be ready for it if you decide to own one.

Let us know what’s on your mind by leaving a comment below and we would be more than willing to help you out with it.

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